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Janine Antoni was born in Freeport, Bahamas in 1964 and resides in New York. Antoni’s primary tool for making sculpture is her own body.
She has chiseled cubes of lard and chocolate with her teeth, and washed away the faces of soap busts made in her own likeness. She recieved several prestigious awards including a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Fellowship in 1998 and the Larry Aldrich Foundation Award in 1999.
Tamayo, a Zapotecan Indian was born in Oaxaca. While his contemporaries Siqueiros, Rivera and Orozco advocated art with a political message, Tamayo remained fiercely committed to painting as a spiritual activity. Tamayo's work focused on plastic forms integrated with a masterful use of colors and textures. Tamayo developed "Mixografia®," a graphic technique to obtain colored and textured three-dimensional prints on handmade paper.
Tracey's life and art are inextricably entwined. She is unflinchingly honest about details of her life, indulging people's voyeuristic greed. She was born in London, raped at 13, and, as promiscuous truant, had two abortions. In 1994 she exhibited a phial of a tissue from one of her abortions and a crumpled Benson & Hedges packet that her uncle had been holding when he was decapitated in a car crash.
The Supper at Emmaus 1601 Caravaggio (1571-1610)
Oil and egg tempera on canvas 141 x 196.2 cm.
Two of Jesus' disciples were walking to Emmaus after the Crucifixion when the resurrected Jesus himself drew near and went with them, but they did not recognise him. At supper that evening in Emmaus '... he took bread, and blessed it, and brake and gave to them. And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight' (Luke 24: 30-31). Christ is shown at the moment of blessing the bread and revealing his true identity to the two disciples.
Remington was born in Canton, New York. He briefly attended the Yale School of Art and the Art Students League of New York before heeding the call to "Go West." His dynamic representations of cowboys and cavalrymen, bronco busters and braves created a mythic image of the American West. Over the course of his career, he produced more than three thousand drawings and paintings, twenty-two bronze sculptures, a novel, a Broadway play, and over one hundred articles and stories.
Mapplethorpe was born New York. He studied painting and sculpture and received his B.F.A. at the Pratt Institute. In order to create images for collages of men, Mapplethorpe turned to photography, working as a staff photographer for Andy Warhol’s Interview magazine. He photographed socialites and celebrities such as John Paul Getty III and Carolina Herrera.
Warhol was born in Pittsburgh. He is a founder and major figure of the POP ART movement. Warhol pioneered the development of the process whereby an enlarged photographic image is transferred to a silk screen that is then placed on a canvas and inked from the back. It was this technique that enabled him to produce the series of mass-media images - repetitive, yet with slight variations.
René was born in Belgium and in 1922 he married Georgette Berger. In 1925, Magritte painted what he considered to be his first major work, in 1927, he held his first one-man show at the Galérie Le Centaure. He toyed with everyday objects, human habits and emotions, placing them in foreign contexts and questioning their familiar meanings. He rehabilitated the object. He made the commonplace profound and the rational irrational. His work goes beyond escapism and serves to reveal some of the murkier and complex aspects of the human condition.
Siqueiros was born in Chihuahua, Mexico. He portrayed Mexico's history and economic conditions in visually bold political terms inspired by class struggle. He was expelled from Mexico and came to Los Angeles and returned to Mexico. His dramatic murals remain in public display in California and Mexico.
Kandinsky was born in Moscow and paited in Munich. He contibuted to modern styles -- abstract, geometric and German expressionism, fantasy, and romantic superabundance, and movements -- Blue Rider and Bauhaus. He painted nonrepresentational watercolors. He published 'Concerning the Spiritual in Art', which examined the psychological effects of color and made comparisons between painting and music.
Pollock founded the Abstract Expressionist movement. By the mid 1940s he was painting in a completely abstract manner, and the `drip and splash' style for which he is best known emerged with some abruptness in 1947. Instead of using the traditional easel he affixed his canvas to the floor or the wall and poured and dripped his paint from a can.
Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902)
Valley of the Yosemite, 1864
Oil on paperboard 11 7/8 x 19 1/4 in.
The unspoiled grandeur of the West was an endless source of fascination for armchair travelers in the eastern United States. Bierstadt, a canny businessman as well as a gifted painter, made several trips to the West. Back in his New York studio, he used the oil sketches and photographs from these journeys to create hundreds of paintings that range from the tiny to the gargantuan. These images celebrate the West’s natural splendors, many of which would soon be altered forever by railroads, settlers, and tourists. The emotional charge that Americans found in the Western landscape was conveyed by Bierstadt’s companion on a trip to the recently discovered Yosemite Valley in 1864: “Far to the westward, widening more and more, it opens into the bosom of great mountain ranges,—into a field of perfect light, misty by its own excess,—into an unspeakable suffusion of glory created from the phoenix-pile of the dying sun.”
Ruscha was born in Omaha, raised in Oklahoma and moved to Los Angeles in the late 1950s to study commercial art. His work questions the values of traditional symbols and calls attention to our role in art and culture by highlighting our intuitions through his use of words, color and proportion. Words or blocks of color often float on that part of a panorama where the sky meets the ground.
Picasso went through the Blue Period (1901-1904) characterized by a predominantly blue palette and subjects focusing on outcasts, beggars, and prostitutes and the Rose Period (1904-1907) of pinks and beiges, light blues, and roses, with circus people and harlequins as subjects. Then came Cubism, the fragmenting of three-dimensional forms into flat areas of pattern and color, overlapping and intertwining so that shapes and parts of the human anatomy are seen from the front and back at the same time.
To bring up images from his subconscious mind, Dalí, a Surrealist, induced hallucinatory states in himself by a process he described as paranoiac critical. He depicted a dream world in which commonplace objects are juxtaposed, deformed, or otherwise metamorphosed in a bizarre and irrational fashion. Dalí portrayed these objects in meticulous, almost painfully realistic detail and usually placed them within bleak, sunlit landscapes.
Italian art resource for artists, galleries and art lovers. A virtual gallery showing hundreds of artists, virtual art postcards, art search engine, news, exhibitions, articles, services and utilities for artists
Adolphe-William Bouguereau (1825-1905)
As a young man, Bouguereau put himself through the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and created drawings from memory. He made a careful study of form and technique, steeped himself in classical sculpture and painting and worked deliberately and industriously. Before beginning a painting he would master the history of his subject and complete numerous sketches. He portrays children and domestic scenes with tenderness, technical skill and rich color.
O'Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. During the 1920s, her large canvasses of lush overpowering flowers filled still lifes with dynamic energy and erotic tension, while her cityscapes were testaments to subtle beauty within the most industrial circumstances. She married Alfred Stieglitz in 1922. For the next twenty years the two would live and work together, Steiglitz creating an incredible body of portraits of O'Keeffe, while O'Keeffe showed new drawings and paintings nearly every year at his gallery. When Steiglitz in 1946 died, O'Keeffe took up permanent residence Taos. In 1977 her she received the Medal of Freedom, and in 1985 she received the Medal of the Arts.
Madonna and Child with Adoring Angel, c. 1468
Tempera on panel
35 x 26-3/4 in. (88.9 x 68 cm)
Norton Simon Art Foundation
Botticelli (1444-1510) was one of the most individual and influential painters in Florence at the end of the fifteenth century. His melodic, linear designs have been greatly admired and are readily apparent in this panel. This composition is unusually sculptural for the artist. Forms are substantial and their disposition leads the eye into a space firmly defined by the stone parapet and middle ground arcade. The rounded hills of the landscape in the background complete the plasticity of the design. In this work, lyricism is bound to the description of natural data and the suggestion of human grace. The subtle combination of function and decoration in Botticelli's use of line provides the poetry of his paintings.
Born in New York City, Paul Cadmus spent nine decades honing a singular, remarkably complex style of aesthetic idealization and social critique in justly celebrated paintings, drawings and etchings of nude figures, fantastical scenes and supercharged allegories. After abandoning a career in advertising, Cadmus studied fine art, traveled throughout Europe in the early 1930s, and returned to the U.S. as an employee of the Public Works of Art Project.
Freleng simply made good cartoons, and kept making them year after year. He earned his studio three Academy Awards. Freleng's forte was musical cartoons. He animated the Pink Panther series. The diminutive and hotheaded Yosemite Sam was inspired by Freleng.
Odilon Redon is a native of Bordeaux. In 1875 he entered the shadowy world of charcoal and the lithographer's stone. The overall effect, imbued with a melancholy passivity, stood outside of trends and movements, as nocturnal, autumnal, and lunar. In the 1890s, commanded by his dreams, he began to use the luminous, musical tones of pastel and oils. The thematic content of his work then became densely mythical, brimming with newfound hope and light.
Woodengraving, April, 1935 printed by Escher himself. One of the best-known and, to many, one of the most puzzling of the artist's early prints, from his first show at the Whyte Gallery in Washington, D.C., a few years before World War II.
Marcel Duchamp, a painter, sculptor and author, was associated with Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism. Duchamp’s work is characterized by humor, a wide variety of media, and its incessant probing of the boundaries of art. His legacy includes the insight that art can be about ideas instead of objects.
Diebenkorn is known for large-scale luminous abstractions devoted to the delicate balance between surface modulation and illusionistic depth; the establishment of structure and its dissolution in light and space. He grew up in San Francisco, studied at Stanford University, served in the Marines in WWII, and taught at the California School of Fine Arts and UCLA. From 1966 to 1988 he painted at his Ocean Park studio in Santa Monica.
Moillon is the greatest French still-life painter of the seventeenth century. She spent her career in Paris. Her paintings are exquisitely rendered with painstaking attention to detail. She worked for a number of distinguished patrons, including the highest nobility of France and King Charles I of England. Most of her work dates from the 1630's, prior to her marriage in 1640.
Paradise, left wing of a triptych including the Garden of Earthly Delights and Hell by Hieronymous Bosch (1450-1516).
Bosch painted inventive fantasy and nightmarish visions from the Gothic twilight world of the late Middle Ages. He has a dazzling ability to build up a hugely detailed landscape through a series of bizarre exaggerations and distortions.
Martin Johnson Heade (1818-1904)
Among nineteenth-century American painters, Martin Johnson Heade was one of the most inventive, versatile, and prolific -- his active career spanned almost seventy years. Between 1871 and 1902, he painted a series of complex compositions that combine hummingbirds and lush tropical flowers, particularly orchids, in landscape settings he had studied on his travels. There are quite simply no other paintings like those known in America or elsewhere.
Tracey Emin was born in London in 1963. She was raped at 13, and, as promiscuous truant, had two abortions. She is unflinchingly honest about details of her life, indulging people's voyeuristic greed.
In 1994 she exhibited a phial of a tissue from one of her abortions and a crumpled Benson & Hedges packet that her uncle had been holding when he was decapitated in a car crash. In 1998 she exhibited My Bed, complete with dirty sheets, bloody knickers and used condoms. She was nominated for the Turner Prize in 1999.
Chagall passed a childhood steeped in Hasidic culture. His Slav Expressionism was tinged with the influence of Daumier, Jean-François Millet, the Nabis and the Fauves. He was also influenced by Cubism. Essentially a colourist, Chagall was interested in the Simultaneist vision of Robert Delaunay and the Luminists of the Section d'Or. He painted chimerical processions of memory where reality and the imaginary are woven together. His work in stained glass adorns the Assy baptistery, the cathedrals of Metz and Rheims, the Hebrew University Medical Centre synagogue in Jerusalem and the Paris Opéra.
Cassatt was born in Pittsburg and attended the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. She traveled extensively through Europe with her parents and siblings and in 1874 she settled permanently in Paris. Although she had several works accepted for exhibition by the tradition-bound French Salon, her artistic aims aligned her with the avant-garde painters of the time and in 1877 she joined the impressionists. Her innovative compositions explore the lives of women - attending the opera, drinking tea, writing letters, caring for children in a straightforward manner free from sentimentality. She created an ambitious mural representing modern woman for the 1893 World's Fair.
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